The Hybrid Micro/Nanomanufacturing Laboratory at Rutgers Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, led by Professor Jonathan P. Singer, seeks to translate the extraordinary properties demonstrated by functional nanostructures into mass manufactured, complex architectures. This is accomplished through combinations of “bottom-up” and “top-down” or "large area" and "small area" lithographic techniques. Such hybrid techniques shift the burden of high resolution patterning to a high-throughput process, while retaining a sufficient degree of control for targeted applications in, for example, alternative energy, microrobotics, and medical implants.